Knowledge base

Shareholders’ Agreements in Cyprus

A Shareholders’ Agreement (SHA) is a confidential legal document distinct from all other statutory documents of a corporation, applicable in cases where there are more than two shareholders and it is essentially an agreement between all the Company Shareholders that covers how the business is going to operate.


Registration of charges in the Republic of Singapore

The Accounting and Corporate Regulation Authority (ACRA) of the Republic of Singapore defines the Charge as "a form of security interest usually taken by a lender or creditor (“chargee”) to secure the repayment of a loan”.[1]


Foundations vs. Trusts

A Foundation is a non-governmental and non-profit organisation which is usually created by an individual or a business and whose funds are managed by its own Trustees or Directors, either as a non-profit corporation or as a charitable trust. One common type of a Foundation is a Family Foundation.


How Singapore’s 2015 Budget will help SMEs

Singapore has a government who recognises the potentials of what Small & medium Enterprises (SMEs) can do for the economy and likes to support them accordingly. Since June 2014, Singapore has been chairing the ASEAN SME Working Group. Singapore hopes to lead fellow ASEAN members into the realisation of the ASEAN Economic Community for SMEs in 2015.


Changes to the law which will impact Singapore based CSPs

Singapore's national regulator of business entities, Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) have introduced a number of legal changes and new legislation regarding how companies are required to file their annual returns, which will impact Corporate Service Providers (CSPs) in Singapore.


The amendment of the Assessment & Collection of Taxes Law in Cyprus

The amendments of the Assessment and Collection of Taxes Law 78/2014, made on the 20th of June, 2014 with regards to the Law 4/1978, is a clear demonstration of the Cyprus Government’s commitment to the reforms proposed by the Troika.


Complete withholding tax guide in Singapore 2015

Eltoma's experts have compiled some need to know information and we are happy to provide a complimentary downloadable guide to withholding tax Singapore in PDF format.


Russia set to launch total web control

In light of recent global events, Vladimir Putin, the Russian President, has declared that no measures restricting the Russian Web such as censorship or government-driven heavy regulations are to be undertaken. According to Mr Putin, the Government should take steps to provide Internet security for the purpose of state sovereignty.


Requirements for company liquidation in Singapore

There are various conditions a company must fulfil in order to be struck-off legitimately. One of the conditions is that the company must have filed all the tax returns until the date of the strike off. The Directors and Shareholders must ensure that any outstanding income, tax returns, accounts and tax computation have been submitted up to the date of cessation.